June is a time when summer arrives and the June 21st is the longest day of the year, providing extra light and forecast warm weather. However, extra light and warmth also means that weeds will sprout up rapidly. This is a time for regular hoeing and weeding.
Running a hoe over a bed or between rows will kill most weed seedlings.
For maximum effectiveness, choose a dry day with a light wind, so that the seedlings will dry out on the surface of the bed rather than re-rooting into moist soil
As the weeds grow so does the grass and June is the time that you should start mowing once a week to keep your lawn in good condition. Remember if we hit dought conditions you are recommened to mow less.
This is also a key month for plant development and we need to consider the best way to water our plants when the weather is warm and the soil quickly drys out. Ideally water plants early in the morning, to avoid evaporation loss during the day. On warm summer days, evening watering is also likely to be effective, the dry soil soaking it in readily and low humidity at night reducing risk of disease.
To determine the need for watering, inspect the soil at a spade's depth. If the soil feels damp, there is unlikely to be any need to water, but if it is dry, then watering is probably required for some plants.
Be aware that clay soils can feel damp even when all available water has been used and that sand soils can feel dry even if some water is available.
For plants in pots, the compost looking paler or feeling dry to the touch and the pot becoming lighter in weight (and consequently more prone to blowing over) are all signs that the compost is beginning to dry and is in need of water.
Finally now is the time in early June to plant out half-hardy annuals such as cosmos, nemesia, marigolds, tobacco plants and hardy annuals which can be sown outdoors directly into the soil in spring where they are to flower such as alyssum, calendula (pot marigold), iberis (candytuft) and limnanthes douglasii (poached egg plant)
During the warm months of summer, ladybirds are visitors to our gardens.
Several cultures even think of ladybirds as good luck charms for anything from marriage to childbirth to the weather to a good harvest.
When the weather warms up that is when ladybirds provide a public service by devouring the aphids in your garden.
Aphids are one of the most common pests in our gardens basically sucking the juice out of the plants and killing them. They can breed by the thousands in a matter of days. But not if ladybirds get them first."